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Burton’s Microbiology for the Health Sciences 9th Edition by Paul G. Engelkirk -Test Bank

 

1. Molecules of extrachromosomal DNA are
also known as:
A) Golgi bodies.
B) lysosomes.
C) plasmids.
D) plastids.
A bacterium possessing a tuft of flagella at
2.   one end of its cell would be called what kind
of bacterium?
A) amphitrichous
B) lophotrichous
C) monotrichous
D) peritrichous
One way in which an archaean would differ
3.   from a bacterium is that the archaean would
possess no:
A) DNA in its chromosome.
B) peptidoglycan in its cell walls.
C) ribosomes in its cytoplasm.
D) RNA in its ribosomes.
Some bacteria stain Gram-positive and others
4.   stain Gram-negative because of differences in
the structure of their:
A) capsule.
B) cell membrane.
C) cell wall.
D) ribosomes.
5. Of the following, which one is not found in
procaryotic cells?
A) cell membrane
B) chromosome
C) mitochondria
D) plasmids

 

The Three-Domain System of classification is
6. based on differences in which one of the
following molecules?
A) mRNA
B) peptidoglycan
C) rRNA
D) tRNA
7. Which of the following is in the correct
sequence?
A) Kingdom, Class, Division, Order, Family,
Genus
B) Kingdom, Division, Class, Order, Family,
Genus
C) Kingdom, Division, Order, Class, Family,
Genus
D) Kingdom, Order, Division, Class, Family,
Genus
8. Which one of the following is never found in
prokaryotic cells?
A) flagella
B) capsule
C) cilia
D) ribosomes
The semipermeable structure controlling the
9. transport of materials between the cell and its
external environment is the:
A) cell membrane.
B) cell wall.
C) cytoplasm.
D) nuclear membrane.
10. In eucaryotic cells, what are the sites of
photosynthesis?
A) mitochondria

 

B) plasmids
C) plastids
D) ribosomes

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 11-15:

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

 

  1. plastids

 

  1. mitochondria

 

  1. ribosomes

 

  1. endoplasmic reticulum

 

  1. golgi complex

 

 

 

11.

 

 

 

 

12.

 

 

 

 

 

13.

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.

 

 

 

 

 

15.

 

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 16-20:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Membrane-bound organelles where photosynthesis occurs.

 

 

The sites of protein synthesis in procaryotic cells.

 

 

Considered a “packaging plant,” where proteins are packaged into membrane-bound vesicles.

 

 

Membrane-bound organelles where energy is produced by the Krebs cycle and electron transport chain.

 

 

Found in procaryotic cells as well as eucaryotic cells.

 

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. pili

 

  1. cilia

 

  1. eucaryotic flagella

 

  1. capsules

 

  1. procaryotic flagella

 

 

16. Short, hairlike projections used as organelles
of locomotion by some eucaryotic cells.
17. Found on some bacteria; they serve an
antiphagocytic function.
18. Found on some bacteria; they enable the
bacteria to adhere to surfaces.
19. Composed of a protein called flagellin.
Long, whiplike structures having an internal
20. organization that is described as a “9 + 2”
arrangement of microtubules.
The internal structure of procaryotic flagella
21. is the same as the internal structure of
eucaryotic flagella.
A) True
B) False
The internal structure of eucaryotic cilia is the
22. same as the internal structure of eucaryotic
flagella.
A) True
B) False

 

 

  1. The production of endospores by bacteria is a reproductive mechanism.

 

A) True
B) False
24. Bacteria never have cilia and eucaryotic cells
never have pili.
A) True
B) False
The 3-Domain System of classification is
25.   based on differences in the structure of
transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules.
A) True
B) False
One way that archaeans differ from bacteria is
26.   that archaeans possess more peptidoglycan in
their cell walls.
A) True
B) False
Chitin is found in the cell walls of algae, but
27.   is not found in the cell walls of any other
types of microorganisms.
A) True
B) False
28. Tyndallization is a process that kills spores as
well as vegetative cells.
A) True
B) False
Procaryotic cells do not contain endoplasmic
29.   reticulum, Golgi bodies, mitochondria,
plastids, or membrane-bound vesicles.
A) True
B) False

 

 

30. In eucaryotic cells, ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
molecules are manufactured in the nucleolus.
A) True
B) False

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 31-35:

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. cellulose

 

  1. chitin

 

  1. peptidoglycan

 

  1. teichoic acids

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.

 

 

 

 

 

33.

 

 

 

 

 

34.

 

 

 

 

 

35.

 

 

Found in the cell walls of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but greater quantities are found in the cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria.

 

 

Found in the cell walls of algae, but not in the cell walls of other microorganisms.

 

 

Found in the cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria, but not in the cell walls of Gram-negative bacteria.

 

 

Found in the cell walls of fungi, but not in the cell walls of other microorganisms.

 

 

Found in the cell walls of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but not found in the cell walls of archaeans.

 

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 36-43:

 

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. pili

 

  1. slime layer

 

  1. procaryotic flagella

 

  1. capsules

 

  1. eucaryotic flagella

 

 

 

 

36.

 

 

 

 

 

37.

 

 

Have an internal organization described as a “9 + 2” arrangement of microtubules.

 

 

A type of glycocalyx having an organized structure and found firmly attached to bacterial cell walls.

 

 

 

  1. Some play a role in bacterial conjugation (“bacterial mating”).

 

 

  1. They often serve an antiphagocytic function.

 

 

 

 

40.

 

 

 

 

41.

 

 

 

 

 

 

42.

 

 

Terms like monotrichous and peritrichous describe their location.

 

 

Some of these thin, hairlike appendages enable bacteria to adhere to surfaces.

 

 

Some Pseudomonas species produce this type of glycocalyx, which lacks an organized structure and is only loosely attached to the bacterial cell wall.

 

 

 

  1. Used to make Hib vaccine.

 

Use the following to answer questions 44-49:

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

 

  1. mitochondria

 

  1. ribosomes

 

  1. endoplasmic reticulum

 

  1. cilia

 

  1. plastids

 

 

 

44.

 

 

 

 

45.

 

 

 

 

 

46.

 

 

 

 

 

 

47.

 

 

 

 

 

48.

 

 

 

 

49.

 

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 50-55:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Membrane-bound organelles where photosynthesis occurs.

 

 

The sites of protein synthesis in procaryotic cells.

 

 

Membrane-bound organelles where energy is produced by the Krebs cycle and electron transport chain.

 

 

Short, hairlike projections that are used as organelles of locomotion by some eucaryotic cells.

 

 

Found in procaryotic cells as well as eucaryotic cells.

 

 

The sites of protein synthesis in eucaryotic cells.

 

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. found in both procaryotes and eucaryotes

 

  1. found only in procaryotes

 

  1. found only in eucaryotes

 

  1. not found in either procaryotes or eucaryotes

 

 

  1. endoplasmic reticulum

 

 

  1. capsids

 

 

  1. chromosomes

 

 

  1. plastids

 

 

  1. cilia

 

 

  1. mitochondria
Which of the following terms best describes
1.   chlamydial genital infection in the United
States?
A) arthropodborne disease
B) epidemic disease
C) pandemic disease
D) sporadic disease
2. Which of the following are considered
reservoirs of infection?
A) carriers
B) contaminated food and drinking water
C) rabid animals
D) all of the above
3. The most common nationally notifiable
infectious disease in the United States is:
A) chlamydial genital infections.
B) gonorrhea.
C) the common cold.
D) tuberculosis.
4. Which of the following arthropods is the
vector of Lyme disease?
A) flea
B) mite
C) mosquito
D) tick
5. The most common zoonotic disease in the
United States is:
A) Lyme disease.
B) plague.
C) rabies.
D) Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

 

Which one of the following organisms in not
6. one of the four most likely potential biologic
warfare or bioterrorism agents?
A) Bacillus anthracis
B) Ebola virus
C) Variola major
D) Yersinia pestis
All of the following are major steps in the
7. treatment of a community’s drinking water
except:
A) boiling.
B) filtration.
C) flocculation.
D) sedimentation.
The largest waterborne epidemic ever to
8. occur in the United States occurred in which
of the following cities?
A) Chicago
B) Los Angeles
C) Milwaukee
D) New York City
9. Typhoid fever is caused by a species of:
A) Campylobacter.
B) Escherichia.
C) Salmonella.
D) Shigella.
10. Which of the following associations is
incorrect?
A) ehrlichiosis…tick
B) malaria…mosquito
C) plague…flea
D) Rocky Mountain spotted fever…mite

 

Use the following to answer questions 11-15:

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. communicable diseases

 

  1. endemic diseases

 

  1. epidemic diseases

 

  1. pandemic diseases

 

  1. sporadic diseases

 

 

 

 

 

11.

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15.

 

 

Diseases that are always present in a population are known as ____________________.

 

 

Diseases that are transmissible from person to

 

person are known as

 

____________________.

 

 

 

Diseases that occur only occasionally in a particular population are known as ____________________.

 

 

Because large numbers of cases of AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis are presently occurring in many different countries, they are known as ____________________.

 

 

Diseases with unusually high numbers of cases that often occur in one particular geographic location are known as ____________________.

 

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 16-20:

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. biting flies

 

  1. bugs

 

  1. lice

 

  1. mosquitoes

 

  1. ticks

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18.

 

 

 

 

 

 

19.

 

 

 

The causative agents of dengue fever, filariasis, malaria, West Nile encephalitis, and yellow fever are all transmitted by ____________________.

 

 

____________________ transmit the causative agents of babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, relapsing fever, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

 

 

The causative agent of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas’s disease) is transmitted by arthropods in a class of insects known as ____________________.

 

 

____________________ transmit the causative agents of epidemic typhus and trench fever.

 

 

 

African sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis, and
20. onchocerciasis are transmitted by various
types of ____________________.
21. Influenza is an example of a contagious
disease.
A) True
B) False
22. Zoonotic diseases are diseases that humans
acquire from zoo animals.
A) True

 

B) False
The largest waterborne outbreak ever to occur
23.   in the United States was caused by Giardia
lamblia.
A) True
B) False
24. Water containing 1 coliform per 100 mL
would be considered potable.
A) True
B) False
The most common zoonotic infection in the
25.   United States is Rocky Mountain spotted
fever.
A) True
B) False
26. Soil can contain the spores that cause
botulism, gas gangrene, and tetanus.
A) True
B) False
Chlamydial genital infections and gonorrhea
27. are the two most common nationally
notifiable infectious diseases in the United
States.
A) True
B) False
The levels of chlorine routinely used for water
28.   treatment are sufficient to kill Giardia cysts
and Cryptosporidium oocysts.
A) True
B) False

 

 

Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that causes
29.   plague, is one of the pathogens most often
discussed as a potential biologic weapon.
A) True
B) False
Gonorrhea is considered to be a
30.   communicable disease, but not a contagious
disease.
A) True
B) False

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 31-33:

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

 

  1. endemic disease

 

  1. epidemic disease

 

  1. pandemic disease

 

  1. sporadic disease

 

 

 

31.

 

 

 

 

32.

 

 

 

 

33.

 

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 34-37:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Several dozen people having nausea and diarrhea several hours after a church picnic.

 

 

A disease that occurs only every once in a while in a particular geographic region.

 

 

A disease that is always present in a particular geographical region.

 

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. Cryptosporidium parvum

 

  1. Ebola virus

 

  1. Escherichia coli O157:H7

 

  1. Hantavirus

 

  1. Legionella pneumophila

 

 

 

34.

 

 

 

 

35.

 

 

 

 

36.

 

 

 

 

37.

 

 

 

Use the following to answer questions 38-43:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The cause of an epidemic associated with hamburgers and a popular fast food chain.

 

 

The cause of the epidemic that occurred in the four corners area of the United States in 1993.

 

 

The cause of the epidemic that occurred in Philadelphia in 1976.

 

 

The cause of the epidemic that occurred in Milwaukee in 1993.

 

 

Match the following items with the correct phrases.

 

  1. body louse

 

  1. “crab” louse

 

  1. flea

 

  1. mite

 

  1. tick

 

 

 

An arachnid ectoparasite; one species causes

 

  1. human scabies; larval forms of some species are referred to as “chiggers.”

 

 

  1. An insect ectoparasite; the vector of plague.

 

 

  1. An arachnid ectoparasite; the vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

 

 

Pediculus humanus var. corporus; an

 

  1. infestation with these insects is known as pediculosis; in the trenches in World War I, these were known as “cooties.”

 

 

  1. An insect called Phthirus pubis.

 

 

  1. An arachnid ectoparasite; the vector of Lyme disease.