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The Challenge of Democracy American Government in Global Politics 13th Edition by Janda – 
Test Bank 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

1. ​Since 1964, government policies intended to help families have most clearly benefited

a. ​the poor.
b. ​middle-income families.
c. ​the wealthy.
d. poor and middle-income families.
e. ​all families

 

 

2. ​Critics charged that Lyndon Johnson’s “war on poverty” had failed because

a. Congress had cancelled most of the programs it had depended on.
b. ​President Johnson was not elected to a second full term of office.
c. ​about 15 percent of families were still living in poverty.
d. it had not provided education, health care, food and shelter.
e. ​All of the above are true.

 

 

3. The broad, basic definition of politics given by the text is

a. the restriction of human freedom in the name of national sovereignty.
b. the authoritative allocation of values for a society.
c. the struggle for economic self-interest.
d. rule by the people.
e. the manipulation of public opinion by government.

 

 

4. When the authors say that we live in an era of “globalization,” they mean that citizens and nations are increasingly

a. peace loving.
b. industrialized.
c. commercialized.
d. belligerent.
e. interdependent.

 

 

5. The broad, basic definition of government given by the text is

a. the use of force to benefit an elite.
b. legitimate use of force within specified geographic boundaries to control human behavior.
c. citizens participating in community decisions.
d. taking from each according to his or her ability and giving to each according to need.
e. leaders controlling power and authority.

 

 

6. Globalization can be seen as a threat to

a. commercial activity.
b. national sovereignty.
c. capitalism.
d. liberalism.
e. socialism.

 

 

7. ​National sovereignty is defined as

a. a political entity’s ability to engage meaningfully with foreign powers.
b. regular peaceful transfer of governmental power.
c. ​​a government’s ability to effectively manage elections.
d. a political entity’s externally recognized right to exercise final authority over its affairs.
e. separation of power between federal and state governments.

 

 

8. Although globalization can threaten national security, this can create desirable outcomes, as shown by the international

community’s attempt to force Bashar al-Assad to surrender Syria’s

a. stockpile of nuclear weapons.
b. computer hacking hardware.
c. foreign currency stocks used to buy illegal weapons.
d. hostages held to deter attacks from Western powers.
e. chemical weapons.

 

 

9. ​Desire to avoid potential foreign prosecution of its soldiers and desire to continue practicing the death penalty led the United States in 2002 to

a. cancel its membership in the United Nations.
b. withdraw from NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
c. pull troops out of Afghanistan.
d. withdraw from the 1998 treaty creating an International Criminal Court.
e. cease making scheduled contributions to the U.N. Security Council

 

 

10. Which political philosopher expressed the sentiment that life in a state of nature would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short?”

a. ​Thomas Hobbes
b. ​James Monroe
c. ​John Locke
d. ​Karl Marx
e. ​Dwight Eisenhower

 

 

11. According to Thomas Hobbes, author of Leviathan, the proper objective of government is to ensure

a. freedom.
b. order.
c. a functioning economy.
d. public goods.
e. free and fair elections.

 

 

12. The state of nature refers to

a. order without equality.
b. regulation without leadership.
c. order without conflict.
d. government without values.
e. society without government.

 

 

13. Thomas Hobbes’s ideal form of government was

a. a representative democracy.
b. democratic socialism.
c. the absence of any strong central authority.
d. a global council of world leaders.
e. a single ruler with unquestioned authority.

 

 

14. John Locke’s views on government are expressed in

a. Leviathan.
b. The Social Contract.
c. Two Treatises on Government.
d. Common Sense.
e. Utopia.

 

 

15. Which political philosopher inspired the phrase “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” in the Declaration of Independence?

a. Thomas Jefferson
b. Adam Smith
c. Karl Marx
d. Boris Yeltsin
e. John Locke