Sample Chapter

INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

Test Bank Of Concepts in Biology 14th Edition by Eldon Enger, Frederick Ross, David Bailey

 

SAMPLE QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 01

What Is Biology?

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. If one group is given some medicine that may cure a disease and the other group is given a sugar pill, the group who got the medicine is the
    A.Hypothetical group.
    B. Scientific group.
    C. Control group.
    D. Experimental group.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which is not a characteristic of all life?
    A.responsiveness
    B. evolution
    C. reproduction
    D. random cell structure

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. In an experiment that has a control and experimental group, the dependent variable is
    A.observed in the experimental group.
    B. not observed in the control group.
    C. the result of the independent variable.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. A good hypothesis must
    A.be a logical explanation of events.
    B. be testable.
    C. account for all current information related to the events being studied.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: State two characteristics of a good hypothesis.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. A characteristic of life is
    A.chemical bonds.
    B. the use of oxygen.
    C. the production of CO2.
    D. cellular organization.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of adaptation, one of the characteristics of life?
    A.The evolutionary changes that occur to a species
    B. Sexual reproduction
    C. Organismal organization
    D. Metabolism

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. A control group differs from an experimental group
    A.in the number of test organisms used.
    B. by the independent variable.
    C. in several ways.
    D. in no way.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. A reason an automobile engine is not considered to be living is that it is not able to
    A.utilize energy.
    B. change its activities.
    C. make copies of itself.
    D. utilize chemical reactions.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. All of the chemical reactions that take place within your body are known as
    A.organismal structure.
    B. metabolism.
    C. irritability.
    D. adaptation.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. A controlled experiment is one in which
    A.variables are allowed only in the control group.
    B. only one independent variable is allowed in the experimental group.
    C. all the variables are controlled.
    D. dependent variables are introduced in the control group.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Removal of herbal medicines from USDA regulation by the DSHEA in 1994 led to
    A.marketers proving that the medications work.
    B. marketers providing misinformation about the effectiveness of the herbal medicines.
    C. decreased use of herbal medicines.
    D. none of these.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Define and give an example of pseudoscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

 

  1. One of the characteristics of life is
    A.the ability to diffuse materials.
    B. being able to adapt to new environmental conditions.
    C. being made up of inorganic material.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Science is
    A.an organized study of information.
    B. impossible to define.
    C. a process for collecting and organizing knowledge.
    D. the study of life.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. If you want to set up a controlled experiment to determine the effects of caffeine on sleeping behavior in mice, you take a group of mice and divide it into two groups. Both are fed the same food, both are watered, both have 12 hours daylight, and 12 hours dark. Group one is given caffeine. What is appropriate to give to group two?
    A.2 ´ amount of caffeine
    B. 1/2 ´ amount of caffeine
    C. No caffeine
    D. Caffeine in different form

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Science is
    A.able to supply solutions to most human problems.
    B. always correct.
    C. distinguished from nonscientific areas of study by the way information is gathered.
    D. a body of information gathered about nature in the last 2,000 years.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. The scientific method involves each of the following EXCEPT
    A.systematic search for information.
    B. observation and experimentation.
    C. forming and testing possible solutions.
    D. formulation of laws and principles that control the observed facts.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. When a scientist sees patterns among a number of isolated facts,
    A.laws or principles can be developed.
    B. the patterns are assumed to have meaning.
    C. elaborate tests must be developed to see if a cause-and-effect relationship exists.
    D. as a rule, the pattern must be published.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Information from experiments is considered valid if
    A.the same results are obtained each time the experiment is performed.
    B. the results were predicted by the hypothesis.
    C. the same results are obtained by several scientists.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. In science, reliable results are obtained when
    A.experiments give the same results repeatedly.
    B. a careful scientist sees a clear pattern.
    C. additional testing is required.
    D. most experiments give the same results.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which of the following is not a science?
    A.economics
    B. astronomy
    C. engineering
    D. biology

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

 

  1. Art, theology, and philosophy are nonsciences because they
    A.are not worthwhile fields of study.
    B. are basically untrue.
    C. deal with things that cannot be tested by the scientific method.
    D. are bodies of knowledge too small to qualify as science.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

  1. When using the scientific method, scientists make several fundamental assumptions. Which of these does not make sense, based on your knowledge of the scientific method?
    A.There are specific causes for events observed in the natural world.
    B. The causes for events can be identified.
    C. There are general rules or patterns that can be used to describe what happens in nature.
    D. An event that occurs repeatedly probably has different causes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Empirical evidence is
    A.gained from observation of an event.
    B. derived from literature.
    C. developed from conclusions.
    D. formulated from empirical rules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Of the following, the area that is least likely to be a science is
    A.agriculture.
    B. music.
    C. medicine.
    D. aircraft design.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

  1. Astronomy and astrology are different in that
    A.astrology does not use facts.
    B. astronomy does not make predictions.
    C. astrology does not test its rules.
    D. astronomy does not form rules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

  1. Pseudoscience and nonscience differ in that
    A.nonscience is not valuable and pseudoscience is valuable.
    B. pseudoscience deceives, misleads, or misinforms and this is not a primary characteristic of nonscience.
    C. nonscience forms hypotheses and pseudoscience does not.
    D. pseudoscience has led to major changes in intellectual thought and nonscience has not.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

 

  1. Biological study brought about
    A.the development of rockets.
    B. the atom bomb.
    C. vaccinations for diseases.
    D. Tay-Sachs disease.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List three ways in which the science of biology has improved your quality of life.
Section: 01.01
Topic: General

  1. Which of the following statements is MOST correct?
    A.Science is always right.
    B. Nonscientific study has little value.
    C. Science has all the answers.
    D. Science seeks to explain natural occurrences.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which of the following would be LEAST likely to use the results of scientific research in his or her daily profession?
    A.farmer
    B. doctor
    C. baseball player
    D. violin maker

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

 

  1. Metabolism refers to
    A.chemical reactions such as photosynthesis.
    B. the process of reproduction.
    C. the formation of heterotrophs.
    D. a collection of hypotheses.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Controls are necessary in scientific experiments because they
    A.serve as a basis for comparison with the experimental results.
    B. enable the investigator to control the results.
    C. always confirm your observation.
    D. allow the investigator to develop experience in science.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which one of the following is a description of a controlled experiment?
    A.Group I, 50 mice provided with food (mouse pellets) and a water bottle Group II, 25 mice provide with food (corn) and provided with water in a tray.
    B. Group I, 25 mice provided with food (mouse pellets) and a water bottle Group II, 50 mice but only half the mice are provide with food (mouse pellets) and a water bottle.
    C. Group A, 50 mice provided with food (mouse pellets) and a water bottle Group B, 50 mice provided with food (corn) and provided with water in a tray.
    D. Group A, 50 mice provided with food (mouse pellets) and a water bottle Group B, 50 mice provided with food (corn) and water in a water bottle.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Which one of the following steps of the scientific method should come only after a hypothesis has been formed?
    A.question formulation
    B. resource exploration
    C. experimentation
    D. observation

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Information gained by observation is
    A.always accurate.
    B. empirical evidence.
    C. called a variable.
    D. the control.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which of the following has the LEAST general acceptance?
    A.Theory.
    B. Law.
    C. Hypothesis.
    D. Theory, law, and hypothesis have equal acceptance.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Differentiate among a hypothesis, a theory, and a scientific law.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Science
    A.answers questions concerning values and morals.
    B. creates theories and laws that are always true.
    C. is a process used to arrive at a solution to a problem.
    D. has all of the answers to the problems that plague mankind.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. A hypothesis is best described as
    A.a general principle.
    B. a logical explanation that can be tested.
    C. a theory.
    D. a generally accepted concept.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: State two characteristics of a good hypothesis.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. An experimental group
    A.is the same as the control group.
    B. differs from the control group by one variable.
    C. differs from the control group by several variables.
    D. is not necessary if an experiment contains a control group.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. When a concept has been tested repeatedly and appears to be a uniform or constant fact of nature, it is called
    A.empirical evidence.
    B. a hypothesis.
    C. a deduction.
    D. a law.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Differentiate among a hypothesis, a theory, and a scientific law.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Growth is an example of a ____ process.
    A.metabolic
    B. generative
    C. responsive
    D. control

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. ____ is a responsive process.
    A.Waste elimination
    B. Adaptation
    C. Reproduction
    D. Coordination

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. In an experiment, the group used as a basis of comparison is the
    A.control group.
    B. experimental group.
    C. empirical group.
    D. variable group.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Nutrient processing is a ____ process.
    A.metabolic
    B. generative
    C. responsive
    D. control

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. A person eats an apple and is sick within two hours. This person suspects that there was some kind of contaminant on the skin of the apple. This person has
    A.performed an experiment.
    B. made a correlation.
    C. established a theory.
    D. tested a hypothesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Pseudoscience
    A.uses science to solve practical problems.
    B. is the purest form of science.
    C. has no factual basis.
    D. may interpret scientific facts to deceive.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Define and give an example of pseudoscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

  1. Which one of the following statements is contrary to basic scientific thought?
    A.There are specific causes for events observed in the natural world, and the causes can be identified.
    B. There are general rules or patterns that can be used to describe what happens in nature.
    C. What one person perceives will often be difficult for others to perceive.
    D. The same fundamental rules of nature apply regardless of where and when they occur.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. ___________ are the fundamental structural units of all living things.
    A.Molecules
    B. Atoms
    C. Cells
    D. Protons

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. Which sequence correctly lists levels of organization from simple to more complex?
    A.Biosphere, ecosystem, community, population
    B. Atoms, cell, molecules, tissue, organism
    C. Organ system, organ, organisms, cell
    D. Cell, tissue, organ, organ system

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: State the differences among a cell, an organ, and an organism.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. A person hears a sound coming from a hole in the ground. Sometime later a groundhog is seen emerging from the hole in the ground. The person suspects that the sounds were made by the groundhog since they have witnessed this behavior before. The underlined portion of this story is best described as a(n)
    A.experiment.
    B. hypothesis.
    C. observation.
    D. test of a hypothesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which one of the following BEST distinguishes scientific areas of study from those that are not science?
    A.Nonscientific areas of study have few facts.
    B. Scientific areas of study publish their findings and ideas.
    C. Scientific areas of study rarely make mistakes.
    D. Scientific areas of study always test their assumptions and ideas.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List characteristics that differentiate science from nonscience.
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

 

  1. A person hears a sound coming from a hole in the ground. Sometime later a groundhog is seen emerging from the hole in the ground. The person suspects that the sounds were made by the groundhog. The underlined portion of this story is best described as a(n)
    A.experiment.
    B. hypothesis.
    C. observation.
    D. test of a hypothesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which term BEST describes populations of trees, insects, mammals, fungi, bacteria, and many other organisms that interact in any location?
    A.biosphere
    B. ecosystem
    C. bioregion
    D. community

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: State the differences among a cell, an organ, and an organism.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Edward Jenner noticed that the milkmaids who milked cows by hand often were infected with cowpox and that their infections were mild. He also noticed that these same milkmaids did not contract smallpox, which was a much more serious disease. He presumed that the cowpox infections prevented the milkmaids from contracting the much more serious disease of smallpox. Subsequently he began vaccinating people with the pus-like material from cowpox lesions to determine if his thinking was correct. In the story above, the underlined portion is a(n)
    A.hypothesis.
    B. observation.
    C. theory.
    D. experiment.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. A theory and a hypothesis are different in that
    A.you must have a theory before you can form a hypothesis.
    B. a theory is developed as a result of broad agreement among scientists and a hypothesis is a much less substantiated idea.
    C. a theory is much easier to disprove than a hypothesis.
    D. a theory can never be disproved while a hypothesis can.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Differentiate among a hypothesis, a theory, and a scientific law.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Francesco Redi performed the following experiment. He had two different sets of containers with meat in them. One set of containers was covered with a material that let air pass through and the other set was left uncovered. The uncovered containers developed maggots and the covered ones did not. Which one of the following hypotheses could not be tested by this experiment?
    A.Maggots come from within the meat.
    B. Maggots are introduced to the meat from some outside source.
    C. Only living things can give rise to other living things.
    D. Air is necessary for living things to be produced.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Changes in the human species since the time of the first humans is an example of
    A.evolution.
    B. hydrolysis.
    C. life.
    D. metabolism.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List three ways in which the science of biology has improved your quality of life.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. Which is not characteristic of all life?
    A.responsiveness
    B. evolution
    C. reproduction
    D. random cell structure

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Although scientific fraud does occur, it is usually discovered because
    A.scientists try to repeat the experiments of others.
    B. scientists publish their results.
    C. scientists are skeptical unless they have very strong evidence.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of problems caused by unwise use of biological information.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. “I’ve gotten the same result over and over again!” This statement best demonstrates
    A.reliability.
    B. validity.
    C. the placebo effect.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. Which of the following terms BEST describes the scientific method?
    A.process
    B. event
    C. communication
    D. sequential

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Data that are meaningful and fit into the framework of scientific knowledge are
    A.reliable.
    B. valid.
    C. fact.
    D. a scientific law.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Section: 01.03
Topic: General

  1. A good experimental design should
    A.be designed to prove a hypothesis is correct.
    B. be able to be repeated.
    C. not have an independent variable.
    D. All of these statements are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. “All adult women in the experiment responded favorably to the medication. However, young girls did not.” In this situation
    A.age was the dependent variable.
    B. the way adult women responded was the dependent variable.
    C. age was the independent variable.
    D. girls were the dependent variable.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which of the following statements provides the best statement of a hypothesis?
    A.I suspect that most people have the ability to identify cabbage by its smell.
    B. I know there is life on Mars.
    C. I think that there will be inventions that will allow greater amounts of food to be produced.
    D. I can sing better than you.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: State two characteristics of a good hypothesis.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Increased heart rate associated with running is an example of a ____________ process.
    A.metabolic
    B. generative
    C. responsive
    D. control

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. The process of maintaining a constant internal environment is called
    A.homeostasis.
    B. metabolism.
    C. induction.
    D. deduction.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Populations of different kinds of organisms that interact with one another in a particular place are known as
    A.ecosystems.
    B. communities.
    C. a biosphere.
    D. a commune.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List three ways in which the science of biology has improved your quality of life.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Evolution is the
    A.slow change in the genetic makeup of a population of organisms over many generations.
    B. fast change in the genetic makeup of a population of organisms over many generations.
    C. slow change in the genetic makeup of an individual over a lifetime.
    D. fast change in the genetic makeup of an individual over a lifetime.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List three ways in which the science of biology has improved your quality of life.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

 

  1. Which properties recognized as a cell only become evident when the component parts are correctly assembled?
    A.Miracles
    B. Emergent properties
    C. Wondrous
    D. Notorious properties

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Explain why a cell can be an organism.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Which is a basic assumption made by scientists?
    A.There are specific causes for naturally occurring events observed in the natural world.
    B. The causes for events in nature cannot be identified.
    C. There is one general rule or principle that can be used to describe all of nature.
    D. An event that occurs only once can be studied using the scientific method.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which is not a component of the scientific method?
    A.Careful observation.
    B. The construction and testing of hypotheses.
    C. Openness to new information and ideas.
    D. Submitting the result of your work for review by others only when you have won the Nobel Prize.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

 

  1. The purpose of the scientific method is to
    A.help scientists avoid making faulty assumptions and false claims.
    B. win a Nobel Prize.
    C. control nature.
    D. prove the existence of God.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and describe five elements of the scientific method.
Section: 01.02
Topic: General

  1. Which term would be the best synonym for the word nutrient?
    A.Minerals
    B. To love
    C. Food
    D. Genetic trait

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List and give an example of five characteristics typical of living things.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

  1. Which of the following takes generations to occur?
    A.An irritability response
    B. Metabolism
    C. Evolution
    D. Adaptation

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Describe two historical examples that illustrate how a lack of understanding of biology resulted in major problems.
Section: 01.04
Topic: General

Chapter 03

Organic Molecules-The Molecules of Life

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is NOT a lipid?
    A.olive oil
    B. fat
    C. amino acid
    D. steroid

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Saturated fats differ from unsaturated fats in that saturated fats
    A.are longer.
    B. lack carbon-carbon double bonds.
    C. have fewer double bonds.
    D. cannot be used for an energy source.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A subunit of protein is a(n)
    A.amino acid.
    B. nucleic acid.
    C. fatty acid.
    D. phospholipid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following types of molecules contain the most energy per gram?
    A.sugar
    B. carbohydrate
    C. saturated fat
    D. starch

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is a function of proteins?
    A.Contain information for the cell.
    B. Serve as a subunit in the structure of fat.
    C. Reduce the weight of an individual.
    D. Speed up certain chemical reactions.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A fatty acid having double bonds between carbon atoms is a(n)
    A.phospholipid.
    B. animal fat.
    C. unsaturated fat.
    D. saturated fat.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-COOH is a(n)
    A.fatty acid.
    B. amino acid.
    C. glycerol.
    D. steroid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is made primarily of protein?
    A.skin
    B. tendon
    C. enzyme
    D. carbohydrates

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Storage of energy is a MAJOR function of
    A.protein.
    B. fats.
    C. steroids.
    D. nucleic acids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Triglycerides contain three fatty acids and
    A.one glycerol.
    B. two glycerols.
    C. three glycerols.
    D. four glycerols.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Cell energy can be extracted from which of these?
    A.iron
    B. water
    C. carbohydrates
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. An example of an inorganic molecule is
    A.C6H12O6.
    B. HCl.
    C. C4H8O4.
    D. C12H22O11.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A number of simple sugars may combine to form
    A.protein.
    B. complex carbohydrates.
    C. amino acids.
    D. fat.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Polypeptides are composed of many
    A.amino acids.
    B. carbohydrates.
    C. nucleic acids.
    D. fatty acids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. An example of a carbohydrate is
    A.C7H14O7.
    B. C7H12O7.
    C. C7H14O28.
    D. C7H7O7.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. One way an amino acid differs from a lipid is that the amino acids contain
    A.carbon.
    B. hydrogen.
    C. nitrogen.
    D. oxygen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Section: 03.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A fat is said to be saturated if
    A.there are many double bonds present in the molecule.
    B. there are only single bonds between each pair of carbons.
    C. the fat molecule cannot contain any more covalent bonds.
    D. there are as many double bonds present as possible.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The functional group at the end of a fatty acid has the following formula
    A.—COOR.
    B. —COOH.
    C. —COON.
    D. CH2O.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. This is a(n) ____ reaction. C12H22O11 + H2O ® C6H12O6 + C6H12O6
    A. hydrolysis
    B. dehydration synthesis
    C. acid-base
    D. ionic

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The functional group on the molecule below isA.
    B.
    C.
    D.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Draw an example of a carbon skeleton.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Molecules that resemble fats but contain phosphate functional groups are called
    A.steroids.
    B. polypeptides.
    C. phospholipids.
    D. nucleic acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Carbohydrates are a source of
    A.protein.
    B. energy.
    C. glycerol.
    D. fatty acids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An example of an inorganic molecule is
    A.CaCl2.
    B. C2H6.
    C. C2H5OH.
    D. C3H5(OH)3.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which reaction represents a dehydration synthesis?
    A.C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 ® C18H32O16 + 2H2O
    B. CO2 + H2O ® C6H12O6 + O2
    C. NaOH + H2O ® Na+OH + H2O
    D. triglyceride ® glycerol + 3 fatty acids + 3H2O

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Diagram simple dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions.
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A complex carbohydrate consists of repeated units of
    A.monosaccharides.
    B. fatty acids.
    C. amino acids.
    D. nucleotides.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is neither a simple nor a complex carbohydrate?
    A.C6H12O6
    B. C4H8O4
    C. C12H22O11
    D. C2H4O

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A protein
    A.is a macromolecule.
    B. consists of many linked amino acids.
    C. may be made of two or more polypeptides.
    D. is correctly described by all three of these answers.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The chemical arrangement in the figure below is on the end of a long molecule of a(n)A.steroid.
    B. fatty acid.
    C. carbohydrate.
    D. unsaturated fat.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Enzymes are made from
    A.fats.
    B. protein.
    C. cytoplasm.
    D. nucleoplasm.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Energy can be furnished to a cell by extracting it directly from
    A.enzymes.
    B. minerals.
    C. coenzymes.
    D. fats.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Molecules that do not dissolve in water very easily are characteristically
    A.acids.
    B. fats.
    C. vitamins.
    D. carbohydrates.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. glycerol + 3 fatty acids ® triglyceride + 3 H2O This is a(n) ____ reaction.
    A.hydrolysis
    B. dehydration synthesis
    C. unbalanced
    D. acid-base

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An organic molecule contains two or more atoms of
    A.carbon.
    B. hydrogen.
    C. oxygen.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The chemistry of living organisms is called _____________ chemistry.
    A.general
    B. organic
    C. inorganic
    D. biological

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. C12H24O12; this formula represents a
    A.lipid.
    B. protein.
    C. carbohydrate.
    D. phospholipid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The definition of a saturated fat is that it can hold no more atoms of
    A.carbon.
    B. hydrogen.
    C. oxygen.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A(n) ____ is NOT formed by dehydration synthesis.
    A.complex carbohydrate
    B. polypeptide
    C. triglyceride
    D. amino acid

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. _________ is NOT a function of a fat.
    A.Providing insulation
    B. Storing energy
    C. Producing enzymes
    D. Shock absorption

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Organisms usually store food in the form of a
    A.lipid.
    B. vitamin.
    C. protein.
    D. amino acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following could be a fat?
    A.C2H5OH
    B. C6H12O6
    C. C2H5NO2
    D. C51H97O6

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Organic molecules always
    A.contain carbon.
    B. contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen respectively in a 1:2:1 ratio.
    C. are produced by living organisms.
    D. dissolve in water.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following shows the correct linkage of amino acids in a protein?
    A.amino group of one bonded to the amino group of the next
    B. acid group of one bonded to acid group of the next
    C. acid group of one bonded to amino group of the next
    D. All of these answers are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following is glycerol?
    A.C3H5(OH)3
    B. C6H12O6
    C. C14H28O
    D. C2H5O2N

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which is NOT a major function of proteins?
    A.Provides cell structure.
    B. Stores energy for the cell.
    C. Functions as regulator molecules in cellular activity.
    D. Functions as carrier molecules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The building material for cells is furnished from what organic molecules?
    A.water
    B. minerals
    C. lipids
    D. nitrogen

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A phospholipid is similar to a fat but has
    A.a glow when placed in a dark room.
    B. no oxygen.
    C. a phosphate group.
    D. no carbon in it.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of these would most likely provide energy and support for a plant cell?
    A.fatty acids
    B. inorganic compounds
    C. steroids
    D. carbohydrates

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. If a glycerol molecule and three attached fatty acids form a fat, it is called a
    A.triglyceride.
    B. diglyceride.
    C. monoglyceride.
    D. tripeptide.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. There are five types of lipoproteins in the body:
    A.triglycerides, diglycerides, monoglycerides, chylomicrons, and cholesterol.
    B. triglycerides, very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and cholesterol.
    C. chylomicrons, very-low density lipoproteins (VLDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and Lipoprotein a-Lp(a).
    D. lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and Lipoprotein a-Lp(a).

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. These phospholipids are found in cell membrane and also help in the emulsification of fats. They help to separate large portions of fat into smaller units. This allows the fat to mix with other materials.
    A.triglycerides
    B. lecithins
    C. steroids
    D. linoleic acid

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The molecule below is a(n)A.glycerol.
    B. polypeptide.
    C. saturated fatty acid.
    D. unsaturated fatty acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Draw an example of a carbon skeleton.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.01
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The molecule below is a(n)A.amino acid.
    B. carbohydrate.
    C. lipid.
    D. nucleic acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Draw an example of a carbon skeleton.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The molecule below is a(n)A.amino acid.
    B. carbohydrate.
    C. lipid.
    D. nucleic acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Draw an example of a carbon skeleton.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which one of the following is false concerning the molecule below?A.This molecule represents a major component of cell membranes.
    B. This molecule is a lipid.
    C. This molecule was formed by dehydration synthesis.
    D. This molecule is composed of amino acids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Draw an example of a carbon skeleton.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the main functional groups.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. ____ is a sugar.
    A.Sucrase
    B. Pentose
    C. C27H46O
    D. COOH-CH2-NH3

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. ____ represent isomers.
    A.
    B.
    C.
    D.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: State the features of a carbon atom that make it able to bond in chains and rings.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which association is NOT correct?
    A.lipid-steroid
    B. nucleic acid-DNA
    C. monosaccharide-glucose
    D. protein-nucleotide

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The pleating or coiling of a protein is known as the protein’s ____ structure.
    A.primary
    B. secondary
    C. tertiary
    D. quaternary

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe how organic molecules such as proteins can have primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning the bonding of amino acids?
    A.The bond formed between two amino acids is called a peptide bond.
    B. When two amino acids combine, the amino group of one molecule will combine with the acid group of the second molecule.
    C. The addition of one water molecule is required to combine two amino acids.
    D. A series of amino acids bonded together is a polypeptide.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following rows correctly matches organic molecules with their subunits?A.Row 1
    B. Row 2
    C. Row 3
    D. Row 4

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Section: 03.03
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A protein that has had its physical and chemical properties changed is said to be
    A.denatured.
    B. dysfunctional.
    C. hydrolyzed.
    D. saturated.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The bonding of four simple sugars will
    A.produce three water molecules.
    B. produce four water molecules.
    C. utilize three water molecules.
    D. utilize four water molecules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Explain why certain organic molecules are considered monomers and others polymers.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. ____ contains double bonds.
    A.CH4
    B. H2O
    C. CO2
    D. NH3

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe how single and double covalent bonds are formed in organic molecules.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A nucleotide contains
    A.glycerol and fatty acids.
    B. a base, sugar, and phosphate group.
    C. amino acids.
    D. an acid, base, and salt.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A(n) ____ is a polymer.
    A.monosaccharide
    B. amino acid
    C. nucleotide
    D. polypeptide

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain why certain organic molecules are considered monomers and others polymers.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A lipid molecule composed of interlocking carbon rings belongs most likely in which group?
    A.phospholipid
    B. steroid
    C. unsaturated fat
    D. glycerol

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A(n) ____ bond is formed between the reactants below.A.ionic
    B. hydrogen
    C. peptide
    D. polar

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Describe how single and double covalent bonds are formed in organic molecules.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The missing product below isA.O2
    B. CO2
    C. H2O
    D.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Diagram simple dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The reaction below represents a ____ reaction.A.dehydration synthesis
    B. hydrolysis
    C. unbalanced
    D. equilibrium

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Diagram simple dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions.
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which one of the following is NOT an isomer of the others?
    A.
    B.
    C.
    D.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: State the features of a carbon atom that make it able to bond in chains and rings.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The empirical formula for the structural formula below isA.COH.
    B. C4HO2.
    C. CH2O.
    D. CHO2.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe how single and double covalent bonds are formed in organic molecules.
Learning Outcome: State the features of a carbon atom that make it able to bond in chains and rings.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Cell membranes, muscle cells, and tendons contain ____ proteins and enzymes, and some hormones are ____ proteins.
    A.monomer, polymer
    B. denatured, functional
    C. structural, regulator
    D. saturated, unsaturated

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the major group of organic molecules associated with living things.
Section: 03.01
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A sugar with three carbon atoms is a
    A.triose sugar.
    B. trisaccharide.
    C. triglyceride.
    D. tripeptide.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Molecules with the same empirical formula but different structural formulas are
    A.polymers.
    B. steroids.
    C. isomers.
    D. enzymes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain why certain organic molecules are considered monomers and others polymers.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The molecule belowA.was probably produced by a plant.
    B. is liquid at room temperature.
    C. was formed by three separate hydrolysis reactions.
    D. contains more energy per gram than a carbohydrate.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Diagram simple dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following statements about carbohydrates is INCORRECT?
    A.Carbohydrates are a good source of energy.
    B. Carbohydrates contain approximately 2 hydrogens per carbon in the molecule.
    C. Most carbohydrates dissolve in water.
    D. Carbohydrates contain argon, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which one of the following is a correct molecular formula?
    A.
    B.
    C.
    D.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following statements about fats is INCORRECT?
    A.Fats are a good source of energy.
    B. Fats contain approximately 2 hydrogens per carbon in the molecule.
    C. Most fats do not dissolve in water.
    D. Fats contain nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which one of the following is not a difference between organic and inorganic compounds?
    A.Organic compounds are generally much larger than inorganic compounds.
    B. Organic compounds contain carbon atoms bonded to one another.
    C. Organic compounds are found in living things and inorganic compounds are not.
    D. Organic compounds are often polymers while inorganic compounds are not.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. You find a new organic molecule that is water soluble and contains the elements carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. It is probably a
    A.protein.
    B. fat.
    C. carbohydrate.
    D. phospholipid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. If you wanted to manufacture a fat, which one of the following would be necessary?
    A.water
    B. amino acids
    C. vitamins
    D. glycerol

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An organic molecule with the empirical formula C6H12O6
    A. may have many structural formulae.
    B. is a carbohydrate.
    C. is commonly referred to as a sugar.
    D. All the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An organic molecule with the formula C6H12O6 may have many structural formulae. These different three-dimensional forms of the same molecule are known as
    A.isomers.
    B. isotopes.
    C. isotones.
    D. All the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: State the features of a carbon atom that make it able to bond in chains and rings.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. What name is given to this combination of elements often found attached to protein subunits?
    -NH2
    A. alcohol
    B. amine
    C. methyl
    D. carboxylic acid

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which components must be removed during a dehydration synthesis reaction?
    A.-H and -OH
    B. -N= and -OH
    C. -OH and —COOH
    D. —COOH and -H

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. In the movie Hannibal, Anthony Hopkins feeds on humans! Pretty scary, huh? What do you call the chemical reactions that resulted in the digestion of human flesh?
    A.dehydration
    B. hydrolysis
    C. oxidation-reduction
    D. phosphorylation

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Anabolic steroids used by some athletes are compounds that would be classified as
    A.carbohydrates.
    B. nucleic acids.
    C. lipids.
    D. proteins.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is most likely a regulatory molecule?
    A.hair
    B. muscle protein
    C. steroid
    D. calcium

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. When four polypeptides are joined together by covalent bonds, they form a new, biologically active molecule that displays ____________ structure.
    A.primary
    B. secondary
    C. tertiary
    D. quaternary

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe how organic molecules such as proteins can have primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. As the baby’s body temperature rose, I became very concerned that the increase in heat energy would
    A.cause the baby’s proteins to denature.
    B. force me to place her in a lukewarm bath to help remove the excess heat energy in a slow, controlled fashion.
    C. require me to give a non-aspirin medication that would help control fever.
    D. All the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe how organic molecules such as proteins can have primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. So if I really want to know the details about my chances of arteriosclerosis I should be paying closest attention to my
    A.total amount of serum cholesterol.
    B. RNA.
    C. relative amounts of HDLs and LDLs.
    D. total amount of VLDLs.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following would be considered a macromolecule?
    A.CO2
    B. ammonia
    C. egg protein
    D. hydrochloric acid

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Distinguish between molecules that are organic and inorganic.
Section: 03.01
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. In a nucleotide, the nitrogenous base is bonded to
    A.an acid.
    B. a sugar.
    C. a phosphate.
    D. itself.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. In a nucleotide, the sugar is bonded to a
    A.sugar.
    B. codon.
    C. salt.
    D. base and phosphate.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A nucleotide is composed of the following molecules arranged in this order:
    A.three amino acids covalently bonded in a series.
    B. three fatty acids individually bonded to three different places on glycerol.
    C. a base bonded to a sugar bonded to a phosphate.
    D. mRNA bonded to tRNA bonded to an amino acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the structure of DNA?
    A.single helix
    B. protein coil
    C. double helix
    D. globular RNA

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Learning Outcome: Recognize the basic subunit of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The backbone of a double helix is
    A.sugar-phosphate.
    B. hydrogen bonds.
    C. base-pairing.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. DNA is
    A.a single chain of nucleotides containing deoxyribose.
    B. mainly found in the cytoplasm.
    C. composed of amino acids.
    D. a coiled double chain of nucleotides.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of these is responsible for carrying a specific amino acid to the ribosome during protein synthesis?
    A.DNA
    B. mRNA
    C. tRNA
    D. ribosome

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of these is a component of ribosomes?
    A.DNA
    B. rRNA
    C. tRNA
    D. ribosome

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of these is a copy of DNA that is used to direct the synthesis of a specific protein?
    A.mRNA
    B. rRNA
    C. tRNA
    D. ribosome

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of these molecules is typically double-stranded?
    A.mRNA
    B. rRNA
    C. tRNA
    D. DNA

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Fats are
    A.polar molecules.
    B. nonpolar molecules.
    C. hydrophilic.
    D. both B and C.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function played by each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. What role do chaperone proteins play?
    A.They make sure that nucleotides are in the right position.
    B. Make sure that proteins are folded correctly.
    C. Are caps on lipids.
    D. Control the movement of water throughout the cell.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of each of the major groups of organic molecules.
Section: 03.03
Topic: Chemistry

Chapter 21

The Nature of Microorganisms

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The method of reproduction used most frequently by microorganisms
    A.is sexual reproduction.
    B. is parthenogenesis.
    C. is asexual reproduction.
    D. involves meiosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Which of the following taxonomic categories are normally included in the general classification of microorganisms?
    A.Domain Bacteria
    B. Kingdom Protista
    C. Domain Archaea
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Section: 21.05
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. All of the following characteristics are typical for microorganisms EXCEPT
    A.Generally consist of single cell or groups of cells with little specialization.
    B. Generally reproduce by asexual reproduction.
    C. Most are parasites.
    D. Generally live in moist environments.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Section: 21.05
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Which of the following is a mutualistic relationship involving bacteria?
    A.mycorrhiza
    B. lichen
    C. decomposer bacteria
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the relationships of bacteria with other organisms.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Members of the Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea differ in that
    A.Archaea are larger than Bacteria.
    B. Archaea reproduce sexually and Bacteria do not.
    C. Archaea are mostly parasitic.
    D. Archaea have a more complex nature to their DNA than do Bacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. A highly resistant bacterial structure having a low metabolic rate is a(n)
    A.pathogen.
    B. mutation.
    C. endospore.
    D. toxin.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. The cells of the members of the kingdom Protista differ from those of the domain Bacteria in that
    A.none of the Protista have cell walls.
    B. all of the Protista have a nucleus.
    C. none of the Protista have flagella.
    D. all of the Protista are smaller than Bacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Which of the following organisms are major producers of oxygen by photosynthesis in the ocean?
    A.Cyanobacteria
    B. Diatoms
    C. Dinoflagellates
    D. All of the above are important producers of oxygen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Which of the following organisms has cell walls containing silica?
    A.Ciliated protozoa
    B. Archaea
    C. Diatoms
    D. Dinoflagellates

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Agar, widely used in microbiology growth media, is obtained from
    A.Protozoa.
    B. Mold.
    C. Bacteria.
    D. Algae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A heterotrophic, unicellular, eukaryotic cell is
    A.Alga.
    B. Bacterium.
    C. Archeon.
    D. Protozoan.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Protozoa are classified according to
    A.the type of chlorophyll they have.
    B. the number of cilia they have.
    C. their method of movement.
    D. the environment in which they live.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A vector is an organism that carries
    A.mutations.
    B. toxins.
    C. spores.
    D. parasites.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Slime molds are a type of
    A.Algae.
    B. Bacteria.
    C. Protista.
    D. Pathogen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Many members of the domain Archaea have the ability to produce
    A.methane.
    B. acid.
    C. high temperatures.
    D. cellulose.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. In the ocean or freshwater a bloom is
    A.a major increase in the number of planktonic algae.
    B. the growth of flower-like structures on brown algae.
    C. an area where oxygen is depleted from the water.
    D. None of the above is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Your large intestine is filled with bacteria that do you no harm. Therefore, they are referred to as _____________ bacteria.
    A.pathogenic
    B. mutualistic
    C. commensal
    D. parasitic

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe microbes that live in and on all humans.
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Ringworm and athlete’s foot are caused by
    A.fungi.
    B. bacteria.
    C. algae.
    D. protozoa.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. An organism that lives on dead organic matter is known as a
    A.commensal organism.
    B. saprophyte.
    C. parasite.
    D. None of the above is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Fungi

  1. Which of the following is a common human use of bacteria?
    A.producing sugar
    B. decomposition in sewage treatment plants
    C. producing antibiotics
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Members of the Domain Archaea are important in the ocean as
    A.chemosynthetic producers near places where hot water comes from openings in the ocean floor.
    B. parasites on many kinds of algae.
    C. a cause of algal blooms.
    D. food for fish.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. An example of a mutualistic relationship is that of bacteria
    A.decomposing organic material.
    B. causing diseases.
    C. producing nitrogen-containing molecules in the roots of plants.
    D. being used in the chemical industry.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the relationships of bacteria with other organisms.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Archaea that are halophiles live in
    A.extremely hot environments.
    B. extremely cold environments.
    C. extremely salty environments.
    D. extremely acid environments.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Bacteria are difficult to control because of their
    A.high reproductive rate.
    B. low metabolic rate.
    C. lack of a nucleus.
    D. lack of a cell wall.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Members of the kingdom Protista are
    A.always colonial.
    B. prokaryotic cells.
    C. all photosynthetic.
    D. eukaryotic cells.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Single-celled, autotrophic organisms include
    A.fungi.
    B. protozoa.
    C. algae.
    D. plants.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Phytoplankton is mainly found
    A.near the ocean surface.
    B. on the ocean bottom.
    C. growing on rocks in freshwater streams.
    D. only in very cold water.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The location of phytoplankton in the ocean is determined by
    A.temperature.
    B. space.
    C. salt content.
    D. light.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A bloom is a rapid increase in
    A.algae.
    B. temperature.
    C. light.
    D. fish.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. A vector is
    A.the organism that causes a disease.
    B. the organism that is harmed by a disease organism.
    C. the organism that carries a disease organism from one host to another.
    D. the organism that produces antibiotics.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protista

  1. Pseudopods are found on some
    A.protozoa.
    B. algae.
    C. bacteria.
    D. blue-green algae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Nonphotosynthetic cells with cell walls belong to the Kingdom
    A.Plantae.
    B. Animalia.
    C. Fungi.
    D. Protista.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. Fungi are
    A.saprophytes.
    B. mutualistic.
    C. decomposers.
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. The main method of fungus dispersal is by
    A.seeds.
    B. sperms.
    C. fertilized eggs.
    D. spores.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. Slime molds and water molds are not considered to be fungi because
    A.they are not decomposers.
    B. they do not have chitin in their cell walls.
    C. their reproductive cells do not have flagella.
    D. they do not have the ability to do photosynthesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. The control of Bacteria by antibiotics is often ineffective because
    A.Bacteria mutate.
    B. Bacteria destroy antibiotics.
    C. Bacteria produce cell walls.
    D. Bacteria reproduce asexually.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.05
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Benthic algae are found
    A.near the ocean shore.
    B. floating on the ocean surface.
    C. only in fresh water.
    D. in the deep parts of the ocean.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the types of environments in which microorganisms live.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Algae with two flagella are
    A.diatoms.
    B. dinoflagellates.
    C. cyanobacteria.
    D. red algae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Which of the following kinds of protozoa are major consumers of Bacteria and other microorganisms in the ocean?
    A.Apicomplexa
    B. Foranimifera
    C. Dinoflagellates
    D. Thermophiles

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The best way to control the spread of the protozoan that causes sleeping sickness is
    A.with antibiotics.
    B. with heat.
    C. to control the vector.
    D. to drink strong coffee.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The organisms that cause strep throat, pneumonia, and botulism are
    A.viruses.
    B. bacteria.
    C. protozoa.
    D. fungi.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning bacteria?
    A.They are prokaryotic.
    B. They can form endospores under unfavorable conditions.
    C. They contain complex organelles composed of membranes.
    D. They can be autotrophic or heterotrophic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Algae differ from protozoa in that
    A.algae are plants and protozoa are animals.
    B. protozoa are motile and algae are nonmotile.
    C. algae are autotrophs and protozoa are heterotrophs.
    D. algae are aerobic and protozoa are anaerobic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Organisms important in sewage treatment and nitrogen fixation belong to the domain
    A.Protista.
    B. Fungi.
    C. Bacteria.
    D. Archaea.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. ____ are not considered microorganisms.
    A.Yeast cells
    B. Bacteria
    C. Protozoa
    D. Insects

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Topic: General

  1. Microbes of the same species that live together and cooperate in some way are
    A.mutualistic.
    B. colonial.
    C. commensal.
    D. opportunistic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Some ____ are able to metabolize oil and have been used in the cleanup of oil spills.
    A.Algae
    B. Protozoa
    C. Fungi
    D. Bacteria

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discuss the importance of bacteria in recycling and decomposing. Give examples.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Nitrogen is made available to legumes because of a symbiotic relationship between the plant and
    A.a virus.
    B. bacteria.
    C. fungi.
    D. protozoa.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the relationships of bacteria with other organisms.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Nitrogen is made available to aquatic ecosystems by
    A.Bacteria.
    B. Cyanobacteria.
    C. Archaea.
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Under ideal conditions, some bacteria can reproduce as frequently as once every
    A.thirty seconds.
    B. twenty minutes.
    C. twenty-four hours.
    D. three days.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. ____ of the species of bacteria are pathogens.
    A.All
    B. The majority
    C. About half
    D. A minority

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. The most effective way to kill an endospore is to
    A.dry it (dehydration).
    B. freeze it (-10°C).
    C. crush it.
    D. heat it (125°C).

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. ____ do NOT belong to the kingdom Protista.
    A.Water molds
    B. Algae
    C. Protozoa
    D. Yeasts

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Tiny aquatic organisms that swim or move with water currents are
    A.plankton.
    B. benthic.
    C. endospores.
    D. colonial.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. ____ are the major producers in the ocean food chain.
    A.Benthic organisms
    B. Phytoplankton
    C. Fungi
    D. Water molds

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Protozoa with complex cell structures and two kinds of nuclei are
    A.Apicomplexa.
    B. Flagellates.
    C. Ciliates.
    D. Radiolarians.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Seaweeds are
    A.large fungi.
    B. multicellular algae.
    C. primitive members of Plantae.
    D. cyanobacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Malaria is directly caused by
    A.protozoa.
    B. mosquitoes.
    C. bacteria.
    D. unclean environments.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Diagram the life cycle of a pathogenic protozoan such as Plasmodium vivax.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Which of the following is a major kind of benthic algae?
    A.Diatom
    B. Brown algae
    C. Cyanobacteria
    D. Radiolarians

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the types of environments in which microorganisms live.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. The characteristic blue color of blue cheese comes from
    A.cyanobacteria.
    B. algae.
    C. mold.
    D. protozoans.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. One type of symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a plant involves
    A.nitrogen fixation.
    B. lichen.
    C. mycorrhiza.
    D. endospores.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. Harmful chemicals produced by fungi are
    A.pathogens.
    B. mycotoxins.
    C. benthic.
    D. mycorrhiza.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. In the mutualistic relationship of lichens, ____ provide moisture and attachment while ____ provide food.
    A.bacteria; fungi
    B. bacteria; algae
    C. fungi; algae
    D. algae; fungi

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. The immediate ancestors of plants, animals and fungi are thought to be similar to some modern day ______
    A.Protista.
    B. Bacteria.
    C. Archaea.
    D. Ciliates.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. In the process of obtaining food, Fungi ________.
    A.secrete enzymes into their surroundings
    B. take whole pieces of organic matter into their cells
    C. rely on bacteria to digest their food
    D. None of the above is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. Fungi are major pathogens for
    A.Animals.
    B. Bacteria.
    C. Insects.
    D. Plants.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. How are the algae economically important?
    A.They increase environmental calcium levels.
    B. They decrease the population of harmful fungi.
    C. They provide fiber in most diets.
    D. They provide food additives.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A major ecological role for fungi is as
    A.producers.
    B. decomposers.
    C. nitrogen-fixing organisms.
    D. vectors of disease.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. The kingdom Protista is
    A.not considered a valid phylogenetic unit.
    B. composed of organisms that are very similar to one another.
    C. only contains single-celled organisms.
    D. not ecologically important.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The production of methane in the digestive system of cattle is primarily the result of action of
    A.Ciliates.
    B. Fungi.
    C. Archaea.
    D. Flagellates.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Bacteria differ from Archaea in that
    A.Archaea have peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
    B. Bacteria have peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
    C. Archaea have DNA which is in the shape of a ring.
    D. Bacteria have DNA which is in the shape of a ring.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Members of this group of protozoa are decomposers responsible for these infectious diseases: giardiasis (gastroenteritis), trichomoniasis (sexually transmitted disease), and trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness—Trypanosoma gambiense).
    A.flagellated protozoa
    B. sarcodina
    C. ciliates
    D. All of these answers are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe microbes that live in and on all humans.
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. One-celled species of fungi such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae (used in bread-and beer-making) are commonly known as
    A.bacteria.
    B. viruses.
    C. yeast.
    D. molds.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. These are nonphotosynthetic plankton, including aquatic protozoa and tiny animals.
    A.phytoplankton
    B. thermophiles
    C. zooplankton
    D. diatoms

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. This process involves the use of naturally occurring microbes to break down unwanted or dangerous materials.
    A.biomagnification
    B. bioremediation
    C. bioamplification
    D. bioassimilation

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discuss the importance of bacteria in recycling and decomposing. Give examples.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea