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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

 

Manual Of Structural Kinesiology 19th Edition by R .T. Floyd – Test Bank

 

 

Sample  Questions

 

Chapter 03

Basic Biomechanical Factors and Concepts

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Biomechanics is the study of mechanics related to the functional and anatomical analysis of biological systems.
    TRUE

 

  1. Statics is the study of systems that are in a constant state of motion.
    TRUE

 

  1. A constant state of motion accurately describes a system when no motion is occurring.
    TRUE

 

  1. Dynamics is the study of systems in motion that are subjected to acceleration.
    TRUE

 

  1. Levers rotate about an axis of rotation as a result of a force being applied to cause movement in the same direction as the resistance.
    FALSE

 

  1. In a first class lever arrangement the agonist and antagonist muscle groups may contract simultaneously on either side of a joint axis.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. In order for rotation to occur in objects with a fixed axis an eccentric force must be applied.
    TRUE

 

  1. The resistance arm is the distance between the axis and the point of lever application.
    FALSE

 

  1. Minor variations in the point of force application have no effect in determining the effective force of the muscle.
    FALSE

 

  1. Overall the human leverage system is built for speed and range of movement at the expense of force generation.
    TRUE

 

  1. Short force arms and long resistance arms require greater muscular force to produce movement as compared to longer force arms with a long resistance arm.
    TRUE

 

  1. In a wheel axle mechanical arrangement only the radius of the wheel corresponds to the force arm.
    FALSE

 

  1. Linear displacement is the distance that a system moves along a straight line.
    TRUE

 

  1. Angular displacement is the change in location of a linearly moving body.
    FALSE

 

 

  1. Mass is the effect of gravity on the amount of matter in the body.
    FALSE

 

  1. The mass of an object affects the speed and acceleration of the object during movement.
    TRUE

 

  1. Friction is the force that results from the resistance between the surfaces of two objects from moving one moving upon another.
    TRUE

 

  1. Muscles are the main source of force that produce or change movement of a body segment or the entire body.
    TRUE

 

  1. During rapid running movement where inertia is high the center of gravity of the body must be raised in order to maintain balance when stopping or changing direction.
    FALSE

 

  1. Some circumstances exist where movement is improved when the body tends to be unbalanced.
    TRUE

 

  1. Velocity is how fast an object is moving, or the distance an object travels in a specific amount of time.
    FALSE

 

 

  1. A person riding a bicycle in straight line at 7.5 miles an hour would be more balanced than the same person riding the bicycle 4.8 miles an hour in a straight line.
    TRUE

 

  1. A football player in a four-point stance has more balance than the same football player in a three-point stance.
    TRUE

 

  1. Assuming that the bat speed and pitched ball velocity were the same, the ball hit with the middle of the bat would travel further than the ball hit with the larger end of the bat.
    FALSE

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the types of muscle contraction is usually utilized in causing an object’s deceleration?
    A.Concentric
    B. Eccentric
    C. Isokinetic
    D. Isometric

 

  1. Kinematics is the description of motion and includes consideration of each of the following except?
    A.Time
    B. Displacement
    C. Velocity
    D. Forces

 

 

  1. Which of the following does not describe a way in which machines function?
    A.Balance of multiple forces
    B. Enhances force in an attempt to increase total force needed to overcome a resistance
    C. Enhance range of motion & speed of movement so that resistance may be moved further or faster than applied force
    D. Alter resulting direction of the applied force

 

  1. Which of the following types of machine is most common in the musculoskeletal system arrangements of the human body?
    A.Pulleys
    B. Wheel-axles
    C. Levers
    D. None of the above choices is correct

 

  1. Elbow extension where the triceps applies force to olecranon process in extending the non-supported forearm at the elbow is an example of which type of lever arrangement?
    A.First class
    B. Second class
    C. Third class
    D. None of the above choices is correct

 

  1. Which of the following is not true regarding the force arm of a lever?
    A.Is determined by multiplying the distance from the axis by the force
    B. Also known as the moment arm or torque arm
    C. Is the shortest distance from the axis of rotation to the line of action of the force
    D. The greater the distance of the force arm then the more torque produced by the force

 

  1. Which of the following pairs of variables exhibits an inverse relationship?
    A.The force and the force arm
    B. The resistance and the resistance arm
    C. Both of the above statements exhibit an inverse relationship
    D. None of the above choices is correct

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is false regarding the proportional relationship between force components and resistance components?
    A.The closer the force application is to the axis of rotation the greater the amount of resistance that can be moved
    B. If either of the resistance components increase, there must be an increase in one or both of force components
    C. The greater resistance or resistance arm requires greater force or longer force arm
    D. The greater the force or force arm allows a greater amount of resistance to be moved or a longer resistance arm to be used

 

  1. Which of the following is a possible advantage of a wheel axle mechanical arrangement?
    A.Increased force
    B. Increased range of motion
    C. Decreased speed of movement
    D. Decreased range of motion

 

  1. Which of the following is not considered to be a law of motion and physical activity?
    A.Body motion is produced or started by some action of muscular system
    B. Motion cannot occur without a force
    C. The muscular system is source of force in humans
    D. There are three types of motion

 

  1. Which of the following is a type of linear motion?
    A.Angular motion
    B. Curvilinear motion
    C. Angulolinear motion
    D. Curviangular motion

 

  1. Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between linear and angular motion?
    A.Angular motion of the joints produces linear motion.
    B. linear Motion of the joints produces angular motion.
    C. Both of the above choices are correct.
    D. None of the above choices is correct.

 

 

  1. Which of the following is Newton’s Law of Inertia?
    A.For every action there is an opposite and equal reaction.
    B. A body in motion tends to remain in motion at the same speed in a straight line unless acted on by a force.
    C. A change in the acceleration of a body occurs in the same direction as the force that caused it.
    D. None of the choices is correct.

 

  1. Which of the following is the Law of Acceleration?
    A.For every action there is an opposite and equal reaction.
    B. A body in motion tends to remain in motion at the same speed in a straight line unless acted on by a force.
    C. A change in the acceleration of a body occurs in the same direction as the force that caused it.
    D. None of the above choices is correct.

 

  1. Which of the following is the Law of Reaction?
    A.For every action there is an opposite and equal reaction.
    B. A body in motion tends to remain in motion at the same speed in a straight line unless acted on by a force.
    C. A change in the acceleration of a body occurs in the same direction as the force that caused it.
    D. None of the above choices is correct.

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a type of friction?
    A.Static
    B. Kinetic
    C. Both of the above choices are correct
    D. None of the above choices is correct

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not among the general factors that positively affect the achievement of balance?
    A.The center of gravity falls outside the base of support
    B. A larger base of support
    C. A greater weight of an object
    D. A lower center of gravity

 

  1. Which of the following statements is false regarding forces?
    A.May either push or pull on an object
    B. Product of mass and acceleration
    C. Without forces acting on an object there would be no motion
    D. Relative to the mass of an object

 

  1. Which of the following is not an example that results from excessive tissue deformation due to mechanical loading?
    A.Compression
    B. Straightening
    C. Shear
    D. Bending

 

  1. Which of the following factors may enhance stability?
    A.Lowering the body’s center of gravity within the base of support
    B. Moving the body’s center of gravity closer to the center of the base of support
    C. Both of the above choices are correct
    D. None of the above choices is correct

 

  1. Which of the following definitions is correct?
    A.Rolling friction is always less than static or kinetic friction.
    B. Static equilibrium is when the body is at rest or completely motionless.
    C. Both of the above choices are correct.
    D. None of the above choices is correct.

 

 

  1. For two objects in contact with each other which of the following would result in the greatest amount of friction?
    A.One object sliding across the other
    B. One object sitting stationary on the other
    C. One object rolling across the other
    D. The amount of friction would be the same in all of the above examples

 

  1. Which of the following could be done to reduce the amount of force needed to move a lever?
    A.Move the resistance closer to the axis
    B. Apply the force further from the axis
    C. Decrease the amount of resistance
    D. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following levers would be best to use to move a specific object if your only objective was slight movement of the object?
    A.1st class with resistance arm of 10 and force arm of 10
    B. 2nd class with resistance arm of 10 and force arm of 20
    C. 3rd class with resistance arm of 20 and force arm of 10
    D. Each would be just as effective as the others

 

  1. Which of the following levers would be best to use to move a specific object if your only objective was speed of the object’s movement?
    A.1st class with resistance arm of 10 and force arm of 10
    B. 2nd class with resistance arm of 10 and force arm of 20
    C. 3rd class with resistance arm of 20 and force arm of 10
    D. Each would be just as effective as the others

 

  1. The point at which all of the body’s mass and weight is equally balanced or equally distributed in all directions is the _____.
    A.balance point
    B. point of equilibrium
    C. axis
    D. center of gravity

 

 

Chapter 07

The Wrist and Hand Joints

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Each finger has three interphalangeal joints while the thumb is has only two.
    FALSE

 

  1. Motions of the wrist joint include flexion, extension, abduction and adduction.
    TRUE

 

  1. Motions of the finger metacarpophalangeal joints include flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction.
    TRUE

 

  1. Radial flexion is movement of the thumb side of hand toward medial aspect or radial side of forearm.
    FALSE

 

  1. Ulnar flexion is movement of little finger side of hand toward medial aspect or ulnar side of the forearm.
    TRUE

 

  1. Opposition is movement of the thumb across palmar aspect to oppose any or all of the phalanges.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. Muscles that are considered to be wrist flexors include the flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, and palmaris longus.
    TRUE

 

  1. Muscles that are considered to be wrist extensors include the extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, and extensor carpi radialis.
    FALSE

 

  1. All of the wrist flexor muscles generally have their origins located on the anteromedial aspect of the proximal forearm and the medial epicondyle of humerus.
    TRUE

 

  1. “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome” is swelling and inflammation from increased pressure in carpal tunnel that results in decreased function of the median nerve.
    TRUE

 

  1. The median nerve and all of the flexor tendons except for the flexor carpi ulnaris pass through the carpal tunnel.
    FALSE

 

  1. There are eleven muscles that are considered to be “intrinsic” to the hand.
    FALSE

 

  1. All of the wrist and hand muscles are innervated from the radial and median nerves of the brachial plexus.
    FALSE

 

 

  1. The muscles that are considered to be the agonists of phalangeal flexion include flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus, and flexor pollicis longus.
    TRUE

 

  1. The extensor digiti minimi is innervated by the radial nerve (C6, 7, 8).
    TRUE

 

  1. The flexor pollicis longus is located lateral with respect to flexor digitorum profundus.
    TRUE

 

  1. The ulnar nerve branching from C8 and T1 provides sensation to the ulnar side of hand, the ulnar one-half of ring finger, and the entire little finger.
    TRUE

 

  1. The extensor carpi radialis longus muscle can perform weak extension of the elbow when contracting concentrically.
    FALSE

 

  1. The flexor digitorum superficialis performs its action in the frontal plane.
    FALSE

 

  1. The flexor pollicis longus may be palpated on the posterior surface of the thumb.
    FALSE

 

  1. The interphalangeal joints may be actively flexed to a greater degree with the wrist in slight extension as opposed to full flexion.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. Normally, the wrist has more adduction range of motion than abduction range of motion.
    TRUE

 

  1. The extensor carpi ulnaris and flexor carpi ulnaris are the prime movers in ulnar deviation.
    TRUE

 

  1. Hitting the funny bone is actually a contusion to the humeral nerve.
    FALSE

 

  1. The only muscle involved in extending all of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the four fingers is the extensor digitorum.
    TRUE

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following statements is not true regarding the wrist and hand joints?
    A.Forms 16 phalanges
    B. Composed of 29 bones
    C. Contain more than 25 joints
    D. Composed of more than 30 muscles

 

  1. Which of the following is the origin of the flexor carpi radialis?
    A.Proximal 3/4ths of the anterior and medial ulna
    B. Middle anterior surface of the radius
    C. Posterior aspect of the proximal ulna
    D. Medial epicondyle of the humerus

 

 

  1. Which of the following is the origin of the palmaris longus?
    A.Proximal 3/4ths of the anterior and medial ulna
    B. Middle anterior surface of the radius
    C. Posterior aspect of the proximal ulna
    D. Medial epicondyle of the humerus

 

  1. Which of the following is the origin of the flexor digitorum profundus?
    A.Proximal 3/4ths of the anterior and medial ulna
    B. Middle anterior surface of the radius
    C. Posterior aspect of the proximal ulna
    D. Medial epicondyle of the humerus

 

  1. Which of the following is the origin of the flexor pollicis longus?
    A.Proximal 3/4ths of the anterior and medial ulna
    B. Middle anterior surface of the radius
    C. Posterior aspect of the proximal ulna
    D. Medial epicondyle of the humerus

 

  1. Which of the following is the insertion of the extensor carpi ulnaris?
    A.Base of 5th metacarpal
    B. Base of distal phalanges
    C. Base of 3rd metacarpal
    D. Base of 2nd metacarpal

 

  1. Which of the following is the insertion of the extensor carpi radialis brevis?
    A.Base of 5th metacarpal
    B. Base of distal phalanges
    C. Base of 3rd metacarpal
    D. Base of 2nd metacarpal

 

 

  1. Which of the following is the insertion of the extensor carpi radialis longus?
    A.Base of 5th metacarpal
    B. Base of distal phalanges
    C. Base of 3rd metacarpal
    D. Base of 2nd metacarpal

 

  1. Which of the following is the insertion of the flexor digitorum profundus?
    A.Base of 5th metacarpal
    B. Base of distal phalanxes of the four fingers
    C. Base of 3rd metacarpal
    D. Base of 2nd metacarpal

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs adduction of the wrist?
    A.Palmaris longus
    B. Flexor carpi ulnaris
    C. Flexor pollicis longus
    D. Extensor carpi radialis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs abduction of the wrist?
    A.Palmaris longus
    B. Flexor carpi ulnaris
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Extensor carpi radialis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs flexion of the thumb?
    A.Palmaris longus
    B. Flexor carpi ulnaris
    C. Flexor pollicis longus
    D. Extensor carpi radialis longus

 

 

  1. Which of these muscles may be palpated just proximal to the dorsal aspect of the wrist?
    A.Palmaris longus
    B. Flexor carpi ulnaris
    C. Flexor pollicis longus
    D. Extensor carpi radialis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles has its origin on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles has its insertion on the four tendons to the bases of middle and distal phalanxes of the four fingers on the dorsal surface of the hand?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs extension of the index finger?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digiti minimi
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles does not perform wrist extension?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs abduction of the thumb?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs an action in the frontal plane?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

  1. Which of the following muscles may not be palpated on the dorsal aspect of the hand?
    A.Extensor indicis
    B. Extensor pollicis longus
    C. Extensor digitorum
    D. Abductor pollicis longus

 

  1. The wrist joint moves through the _____ plane about the _____ axis with ulnar and deviation.
    A.transverse; longitudinal
    B. frontal; sagittal
    C. sagittal; coronal
    D. frontal; frontal

 

  1. The 3rd metacarpophalangeal joint moves in which of the following planes?
    A.Frontal, sagittal
    B. Transverse, longitudinal
    C. Sagittal, transverse
    D. Frontal, transverse

 

 

  1. Proximal interphalangeal joint motion occurs about the _____ axis.
    A.transverse
    B. longitudinal
    C. sagittal
    D. frontal

 

  1. In order to obtain the greatest amount of active wrist extension you should place the fingers in _____.
    A.full active extension
    B. relaxed flexion
    C. tight adduction
    D. relaxed abduction

 

  1. Which of the following muscles flexes the distal interphalangeal joints of the fingers?
    A.Flexor digitorum profundus
    B. Flexor pollicis longus
    C. Flexor digitorum superficialis
    D. Flexor digitorum communis